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How to Build a WiMAX Network

How to Build a WiMAX Network


The most up-to-date technological know-how buzz is WiMAX wireless networks. We have heard many things about this excellent new lengthy haul wi-fi engineering that it pretty much looks as however you are just a telephone contact away from having yours’ developed and set up. Perfectly just before you commence assuming matters like we all do, we believed as engineers and network architects we would share private experiences and the experiences of colleagues from around the entire world, in a method that is immediate, helpful, instructional, and surely fact dependent. This is a backpocket Primer for everyone now working with the implementation of a WiMAX network.

To start with, there are many misconceptions surrounding WiMAX that need to be cleared up so that the small business areas and engineering basis have a widespread knowledge.

Secondly, the men and women who make the a variety of decisions within just your corporations need to have to fully grasp that there are dissimilarities among a non-public network and an interoperable network approach. This subtle change does exist and demands a plan which considers the closing transition factors, if viewed as now, to very easily offer a reduce cost up grade to a accurate interoperable community, now incorporating assorted vendor tools.

At last, though WiMAX has been out internationally for quite a few decades, it is pretty new to the United States, only a couple of months previous, with pretty very little education and instruction accessible to those who have the duty to make these methods or all those who will make the financial and technical decisions to have these techniques constructed for them as element of their prolonged haul wi-fi method.

Our activities and the ordeals of our colleagues are made available right here as contributions as nicely as tying these in to the specifications and certification authorities all intended to give a reality dependent fast reference education for everyone in the throws of How to Make a WiMAX community.


WiMAX is a common built for fastened broadband wi-fi access that includes a managing foundation station, that connects subscriber stations not to each other but to various general public networks, this sort of as the World wide web, joined to that foundation station. The acronym suggests ” all over the world interoperability for microwave entry” or (WiMAX).

WiMAX, as a expectations initiative, is based mostly on a “established of profiles” supporting a wide selection of frequencies (up to 66GHz)with channel measurements (1.25MHz to 20MHz) and apps (LOS and NLOS), and lastly PTP and PTMP. The WiMAX profiles narrow the scope of 802.16 to concentrate on to start with services unique configurations. The IEEE titled the specification 802.16 and unveiled it December 2002. The profiles resolved in that “profiles launch” are 802.16-2004 (old d) and 802.16e as offered even further down.

The WIMAX forum was fashioned eight months previously in April 2002 to assistance, advertise and certify compatibility and interoperability of products primarily based on the 802.16 specification, and to acquire these products for the marketplace. Founding Members of the organization contain Airspan, Alvarion, Analog Devices, Aperto Networks, Ensemble Communications, Fujitsu, Intel, Nokia, OFDM Forum, Proxim, and Wi-LAN.

WiMAX is the IEEE 802.16 Level-to-Multipoint broadband wi-fi entry normal for programs in the mentioned frequency ranges. WiMAX will to begin with give preset nomadic, moveable and sooner or later, cellular wireless broadband connectivity. To that conclusion there are two requirements (802.16d (new -2004) and 802.16e respectively) even though they will both equally execute equivalent features because they have to be interoperable. One evidently is a preset remedy and the other a cell alternative that have to however talk with a fastened resolution. So one particular of the first concerns is whether or not you want to make out a cellular or mounted community. In a lot of scenarios you would have by now considered your concentrate on market segments, spectrum availability, regulatory constraints and your deployment require.

Which A single do I Need to have?

Normally talking, the existing 802.16-2004 (originally 802.16d) preset network solutions are much less advanced than 802.16e mobile network methods since they can be utilised in a wider array of unlicensed bands, they supply a a lot quicker time-to-marketplace, and in lots of instances a larger throughput than 802.16e devices. On the other hand, there is improved guidance for mobility and a wider range of terminal form factors advantages of 802.16e tools.

It is absolutely a thought but no matter what you selected the migration paths to shift in either route are effortlessly attained by overlay networks, software program upgradeable base stations, dual manner devices and twin method foundation stations. This thing to consider assures you are not stuck in a person manner or the mistaken manner and that your initial financial investment is guarded. Can make the CTO and CEO pleased.

WiMAX foundation stations transmit up to 30 miles, but for the reason that it is a mobile-centered topology, would generate a more regular variety of 3 to 5 miles. WiMAX units can provide a capability of up to 75 Mbps for each channel, for mounted and moveable entry apps. This is sufficient bandwidth to simultaneously help hundreds of businesses with T-1 speed connectivity and thousands of residences with DSL speed connectivity as we have observed.

WiMAX technological innovation will be included in transportable personal computers and PDAs expected in late 2006 and early 2007, allowing for for city places and metropolitan areas to turn into “MetroZones”, the new excitement term, for portable out of doors broadband wi-fi obtain. In addition, Wi-fi company providers and telecommunication devices industries are embracing WiMAX technology simply because of its remarkable charge positive aspects to supply that past-mile connectivity to large parts of the entire world that are also high priced to provide with wired systems necessitating all that trenching.


Because of to the stability challenges with WEP in the 802.11 Wi-Fi arenas, the criteria bodies took no possibilities with WiMAX, and wisely prioritized stability from the onset. Base station designers went to do the job to guarantee a dedicated superior performance safety processor. The WiMAX safety conventional involves that all targeted visitors be encrypted with CCMP (which is Counter Method with Cipher Block Chaining Information Authentication Code Protocol).

According to the WiMAX discussion board, the group’s intention is for conclude-to-conclusion authentication. WiMAX takes advantage of PKM-EAP (Extensible Authentication Protocol), which relies on the TLS typical following community essential cryptography. Having tackled this level of security from the start out presents an exceptional reference position to add multi-amount security choices as perfectly, if your implementation involves an MLS solution. Secure (blacker) implementations would call for such an method.

What is Introduced?

The to start with certification launch for 802.16-2004 mounted is out there already and incorporates solutions from accredited distributors with two profiles in the 3.5GHz and the 5.8GHz bands supporting fastened and nomadic accessibility. The profiles for 802.16e mobile are not accessible nor produced as of this writing but are envisioned to be in the ranges of 2.3GHz to 2.5GHz when officially released. WiMAX profiles based mostly on 802.16-2004 are greater suited to fixed purposes that use directional antennas simply because OFDM is inherently fewer complicated than SOFDMA applied in the mobile application. As a results, 802.16-2004 networks will be deployed substantially quicker and at a decreased price. Our activities are with these produced programs in the US and all around the entire world in floor programs, cellular military, public safety and maritime purposes.

Scheduling for WIMAX

Corporations, towns or assignments in maritime or floor techniques in the US that have decided to or are looking at setting up and functioning a WiMAX network will have a few important concerns to consider. The first spectrum for WiMAX in the United states is unlicensed spectrum in the 5GHz vary. Provided this spectrum is open it will have inherent interference problems and threats which will need interest. There are a lot of strategies of conquering interference concerns. The solutions arrive from a correct web page choice, subsequent your RF study education and from the true selected equipment. So, the setting up and web page survey success remain the crucial to your self-assured results.


WiMAX presents optimized methods for mounted, nomadic, portable and mobile broadband wireless entry. There are two flavors in a variety of launch and implementation modes. The first is 802.16-2004 WiMAX with two first frequency profiles – the 3.5GHz and the 5.8GHz bands supporting preset and nomadic obtain in LOS and NLOS environments now. The other taste is 802.16e WiMAX with envisioned profiles in the 2.3GHz and 2.5GHz ranges optimized for dynamic cellular radio channels supporting palms-ff and roaming –arriving by 2007. A different exciting technologies for all of us. Have entertaining!
an extended model of this Primer is presented in our On line-CTO e-magazine.
Get in touch with Gina Smith at [email protected]